Tomorrow my territory 08 Reducing waste in my territory
Agence pour l’Environnement et la Maîtrise de l’Energie (ADEME)
The 20 factsheets in the collection « demain MON TERRITOIRE » have been designed to give candidates and elected officials practical keys to take action, to open up the field of possibilities based on the experiences of other elected officials, from small towns to conurbations, large urban areas or sparsely populated areas. In the four corners of France, both in metropolitan France and in the French Overseas Territories, many of them are taking action, together with the players in their territories, to prepare for the future by taking action to mitigate climate change and adapt to its effects. With its knowledge and presence throughout the country, ADEME supports them with its tools, activities and financial aid.
Why is it important to reduce waste by encouraging more sobriety in the way we consume?
Our current way of life is overflowing the trash cans. Household, office, commercial, park and garden waste is a waste of resources. Their treatment is costly (collection, recycling, incineration, burial…). Above all, they must be avoided! Communities and their inhabitants must change their behaviour, by consuming more responsibly, in order to save raw materials and reduce the environmental impact of products throughout their life cycle (manufacturing, transport, disposal). Fighting against the waste of resources and the production of waste is also a financial gain for the territory and ultimately for the purchasing power of its inhabitants.
How do you do it?
We are rethinking the territory as we enter the era of the « circular economy ». We are breaking with the old habits of « make, consume, throw away ». Reducing waste at the source becomes a priority. With everyone’s help.
We’re making waste separation more efficient. We improve the collection system by offering separate collections - green waste, bulky waste, waste collection… We install local composting stations.
We improve the cleanliness of the streets by mobilizing the inhabitants and we fight against illegal dumping.
One tool that has proved its worth in encouraging residents to reduce the weight of their bins is incentive pricing, where the bill is adjusted according to the quantity removed. And thought is being given to appropriate solutions for the waste of shopkeepers and craftsmen.
We communicate with citizens to encourage simple actions that allow for less throwing away, such as buying more bulk products. They are invited to be collaborative in the way they consume: repair a broken item, give away their clothes, borrow a squeegee or tool from the neighbourhood. As a bonus, it creates social ties.
We support the establishment of recycling and resource centres. These places give a second life to the products and everyone can equip themselves there at a lower cost.
The fight against food waste is decreed. The example is set in school canteens and community restaurants, for example, by introducing portions that are more adapted to appetite.