Šibenik (HR) - A town centre for all seasons
Since 2002, Urbact has been the European Territorial Cooperation Programme to promote integrated and sustainable urban development in cities in the Member States of the European Union, Norway and Switzerland. Urbact is an instrument of cohesion policy, financed by the ERDF (European Regional Development Fund) and the Member States.
Urbact is a European programme of exchanges and learning between cities whose objective is to develop solutions to major urban challenges. By networking European cities, strengthening skills and capitalising on good practices, it supports public decision-makers and actors in the field to develop sustainable solutions that integrate the economic, social and environmental dimensions of urban development.
Following on from the Urbact I and II programmes, Urbact III continues to promote integrated and sustainable urban development and contributes to the objectives of the Europe 2020 strategy.
To download : urbact-citystories-sibenik.pdf (790 KiB)
The old city centre of Šibenik is not recognised as a high quality retail destination, and demand fluctuates enormously between busy summer months and a lacklustre winter. The city set out with URBACT to create a marketing and cultural pull to the old town in order to balance this out.
It seems almost impossible to imagine that a town as beautiful as Šibenik could have any problems attracting people to shop there. Its large old town is a stunning collection of medieval and Renaissance buildings on the Adriatic coast of Croatia. The city has not just one but two UNESCO World Heritage sites: one more than New York. These are the exceptional Renaissance Cathedral of St James and the highly unusual 16th-century fort of St Nicholas. And yet in many ways Šibenik is a victim of its own success. Tourism has replaced the aluminium and steel industry as the city’s major employer, and as a result the shops in the old town — subject to all the pressures of out-of-town and online retail — are becoming over-reliant on it. “We are in danger of going in the direction of other coastal cities in Croatia but we still have people who live in the city centre. It’s not only touristic, it has all the administration and business functions, and we want to keep it that way,” says Petar Mišura, Head of Department for Economy, Entrepreneurship and Development at Šibenik City Council. Therefore the town wanted to reach beyond its local context for international support. This is why the city joined the RetaiLink network.
New relationship: public and private
For Mr Mišura, the real triumph was the formation of an URBACT Local Group, a group of local stakeholders with the objective to define actions and boost the retail sector. Kristijan Domdjoni, representative of the Association of Entrepreneurs of the Old Town, became URBACT Local Group Coordinator and helped gain local support. “We are an ex-Communist society and our government always had a top-down approach, so we are in a situation where our group of shopkeepers didn’t have that informal relationship with the administration. There was suspicion, and it was hard to convince people to work with us,” says Mr Mišura. In that first meeting of the group there was a strong sense that both the local government and the retail community in Šibenik were coming from different perspectives. “[The shopowners’] complaint was that we don’t have enough parking, and not only don’t we have enough but it isn’t cheap parking. So whilst they insisted on infrastructure, we were insisting on a marketing approach using social network and Instagram and promotional webpages,” says Mr Mišura.
Better infrastructure, access… and identity
It is highly unusual for local governments to become involved in helping the retail sector in Croatia, normally confining themselves to hard infrastructure: bridges, houses and so on. The success of the URBACT Local Group was really to get dialogue going between local government and the retail community. “During the time they changed their opinion but we also changed ours too,” says Mr Mišura. One of the outcomes of URBACT for Šibenik was to encourage a proposal — approved though not yet implemented — for parking under the city’s main square, while also improving access to parts of the old town. With so many small alleys and steps for visitors to navigate, signage is an area around which consensus grew, both as a means for making access easier and as an opportunity to give the old town an identity. The council in turn was able to gain support from the retail sector through the URBACT process. As their integrated plan puts it, “the local action group’s efforts should also lead to a range of stronger marketing activities, promoting the shopping experience in the old city centre by using online tools, mobile apps, organising sales events and all kinds of events to ensure longer stays in the old town centre throughout the year, not only in summer.” Training programmes and workshops have been introduced to improve customer care and market research amongst retailers — run by the Croatian Chamber of Economy, Croatian Chamber of Trades and Crafts, and Šibenik Polytechnic. As part of the local group team’s extensive research into the problems facing retail in the old town, they interviewed several residents, including Želimir Mikulić, a professor at the polytechnic. He considered retail businesses located in the old town of Šibenik in this balanced way: “Today, people visit shopping centres in order to spend time, not money. If the city centre manages to provide a good cultural and leisure proposal together with a good retail offer, it will get people back.”